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27 Jan' 21

"Tis the malaria season “ - Keep your home or surroundings clean

 

Malaria is caused by the Plasmodium parasite. The parasites are transferred to people when infected female Anopheles mosquitoes, sometimes known as "malaria vectors," bite them. 

The following signs and symptoms appear when a person is infected with malaria: 
  • Fever 
  • Headache 
  • Chills 
  • Muscle soreness and fatigue 
  • Nausea and vomiting 
  • The following are some other signs and symptoms: 
  • Pain in the abdomen or chest 
  • SweatingCough 
Malaria patients may undergo ‘attacks' on a regular basis. Chills and shivering will accompany the assault, which will be followed by a high fever, sweating, and then a return to normal temperature. Malaria symptoms and indicators emerge 7 to 30 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito.
 
The cycle of Mosquito Transmission 
  • When an uninfected mosquito feeds on a malaria patient, it becomes infected. 
  • When an infected mosquito bites another person, the parasite is transmitted to that person. 
  • The parasites move to the liver as soon as they enter the human bloodstream, where they multiply and thrive, or remain dormant for up to a year. 
  • The mature parasites subsequently exit the liver and infect red blood cells in the circulation. When this happens, the patient develops the typical signs of malaria. 
Other Transmission Methods 
Individuals can contract malaria if they are exposed to infected blood because the malaria-causing parasite damages red blood cells. It's possible:
  • By using blood transfusions 
  • From the mother to the fetus 
  • By using the same injection needle, you can save money. 
  • Malaria has the potential to be lethal. 
Other major problems include: 
  • Malaria of the brain 
  • Failure of one or more organs 
  • Breathing difficulties 
  • Blood sugar levels are low. 
  • Anemia 
Malaria Recurrence 
Certain forms of malaria parasites, especially the lesser ones, might survive for years before relapsing
 
To eradicate malaria, new medications, technologies, and innovations are required. 
 
According to a new research agenda published as a special collection in PLOS Medicine on November 30, 2017, new medications to help combat treatment resistance and tools like gene drive technology to restrict parasite transmission are among the advancements needed to rid the globe of malaria. Nearly 180 scientists, malaria program directors, and policymakers collaborated for over a year to develop a research agenda for eradicating the illness, including Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health experts. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there are 91 countries and territories with ongoing malaria transmission.
 
The Malaria Eradication Scientific Alliance (MESA), based at the Barcelona Institute for Global Health, coordinated the ‘malERA Refresh' (malaria eradication research agenda) (ISGlobal). To eliminate Malaria, the collection complements WHO's Global Technical Strategy for Malaria (GTS) and the Roll Back Malaria Action and Investment (AIM). 
 
In a press release, MESA chair Regina Rabinovich, ExxonMobil Malaria Scholar in Residence at Harvard University in the Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases at Harvard Chan School, said, "The value of malaria Refresh is that it focuses on problems that need to be solved, not just technologies that could be developed."

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