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High blood pressure, sometimes known as hypertension, is one of the most misunderstood medical diseases. In actuality, hypertension is a serious cardiovascular disease that, if left untreated, can lead to a heart attack and even death. The heart has to work harder to pump blood to different sections of the body under this state. There are two types of hypertensions, each with its own set of symptoms: primary and secondary hypertension.
Primary hypertension, also known as essential hypertension, accounts for 95% of all cases and is typically diagnosed in adults. Primary hypertension can be caused by a variety of variables, although the actual etiology is unknown. It is believed to be a combination of genetics, lifestyle choices, weight management, smoking habits, sedentary lifestyle, and stress level, according to a study. Because the cause of primary hypertension is unknown, it is critical to get it monitored on a frequent basis.
Another medical problem, usually affecting our kidneys, arteries, heart, or endocrine system, causes secondary high blood pressure. Other causes include obstructive sleep apnea, adrenal gland tumors, hormone imbalances, and excessive salt or alcohol use. During pregnancy, secondary hypertension can also be detected. Secondary hypertension, unlike initial hypertension, is easily reversible. It accounts for only 5 to 10% of all instances of hypertension and is most common in people aged 18 to 40.
In most cases, neither primary nor secondary hypertension causes any symptoms. Even when blood pressure is at its maximum, identifying the indicators without the assistance of a medical professional might be difficult. A person may feel regular headaches, weariness, vision problems, and shortness of breath in some circumstances. However, there may be signs that you have secondary hypertension. If your blood pressure does not respond to medicine that has previously worked for you, You have a very high blood pressure level. There is no history of high blood pressure in your family. Not obese or overweight Hypertension that appears suddenly before the age of 30 or after the age of 55
Hypertension that is resistant to treatment: This type of hypertension is difficult to treat and may necessitate the use of several drugs. When your blood pressure remains over your treatment level, it is referred to as resistance. Malignant hypertension: This type of hypertension is usually treated as an emergency. The word refers to excessive blood pressure, which might harm your organs. Isolated hypertension is a kind of hypertension that is more common in the elderly. The systolic blood pressure is higher than 140 mm Hg, and the diastolic blood pressure is lower.
The blood pressure monitor displays two numbers: systolic (the top number) and diastolic (the bottom number) (the bottom number). The top figure represents blood pressure while the heart contracts, whereas the bottom number represents blood pressure when the heart muscles relax. The level of blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) and is classified as follows: Blood pressure that is too low: Systolic pressure is less than 90 mm Hg, and diastolic pressure is less than 60 mm Hg. Systolic pressure is less than 120 mm Hg, and diastolic pressure is less than 80 mm Hg. Elevated blood pressure is defined as a systolic pressure of more than 120 millimeters of mercury or a diastolic pressure of more than 80 millimeters of mercury.